The effect of admixtures in concrete containing manufactured sand
Sachin Sindhu, Abhishek Arya
This project investigates the effects that varying water cement ratios and superplasticiser have on concrete containing manufactured sand as a complete replacement for natural sand. Due to current levels of construction in India there is an ever decreasing availability of natural sands suitable for use as a fine aggregate in concrete. Manufactured sands which are a by-product of rock crushing operations offer a viable solution to the declining availability of natural sands. However there are a number of drawbacks to the use of manufactured sand, particularly the poor workability and finish obtained. This is caused by the High fines content (<75 microns) and the irregular particle shape of the manufactured sand. For these reasons manufactured sand has a very poor reputation in the construction industry. An experimental approach has been taken to study the effect of the varying water cement ratios and the effect of the superplasticiser. This has be done by making a number of concrete mixes each with either a different water cement ratio or amount of superplasticiser added to the mix. The properties of these concrete mixes have been assessed by measuring both the fresh and hardened state properties of the concrete mix. The results of the tests have shown that a reasonable workability and a medium strength can be achieved with a high water cement ratio in a concrete mix. The addition of a superplasticiser to a concrete mix allows the mix to achieve a high strength while also having a good workability.