Vol. 4, Issue 3 (2019)
Observation of environmental impacts of a Birla cement factory Satna during its operation phase
Author(s): Dinendra Vikram Bauddha, Dr. Shobha Gupta
Abstract: Environmental pollution is a very serious issue of the present world. A rapid industrialization is going on around the globe and hence all types of pollution are seen around us. Most importantly, water and air are getting highly contaminated. The construction industry is one of the leaders in deterioration of environment by depleting resources and consuming energy and creating a lot of waste. Also a considerable amount of emissions of greenhouse and acidifying gases has the origin in this industry. Cement belongs to the most often used building materials and its production is increasing over the world. At the same time, the cement industry is an enormous energy intensive industry and it produces many harmful emissions, like gases, odours and noise. An assessment of environmental impacts has been made in terms of water, air and noise pollution in a cement manufacturing plant Birla Cement plant Ghurdory Satna, Madhya Pradesh. During the study, the ambient air quality parameters like PM10, PM2.5, SO2, NOx, physio-chemical parameters of water namely pH, total hardness, total alkalinity, total dissolved solids (TDS), conductivity, total chlorides and measurement of noise levels as well as health and safety measures for the workers have been evaluated. Zero discharge approach is examined in Birla Cement factory where no liquid/solid waste is generated from the plant; which indicates that significant environmental regulations are being maintained. It is found that the industry is working according to the standards and norms defined by the Central Pollution Control Board of India.