Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) & effect of quarantine
Shikha Pahari, Trishna Bajracharya, R SreeRaja Kumar
Introduction: Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is an infectious disease caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), previously known as 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV), a species of coronavirus. The study suggested that elderly people, particularly those older than 80 years, and people with co-morbidities, such as cardiac disease, respiratory disease, and diabetes, are at greatest risk of serious disease and death. Objective: To identify the effectiveness of quarantine during corona virus. Methods: A comprehensive review of published literature and journal articles from electronic databases was done by following specific search strategy for each database. Initial 3610 titles were retrieved and after screening 9 articles were selected for full test screening. Finally, 9 articles were selected based on the inclusion criteria. Result: The research studies highlighted that the countries in which rapid government interventions and strict public health measures for quarantine and isolation were implemented were successful in halting the spread of infection and prevent it from exploding as well as it also showed that quarantine exhibited a high prevalence of psychological distress. Symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression. Conclusion: The study concluded that lockdown will significantly slow the spread of COVID-19 hospitalizations and moderate infections compared to a lack of interventions.