Proximate, minerals and anti-nutritional analysis of pumpkin (Cucurbita pepo l) pulp extract
AM Bagudo, MM Warrah, Kofa ID, Senchi DS
Developing countries like Nigeria wage a perpetual uphill battle to produce sufficient food for their ever increasing population and at the same time gain economic independence. Hence, this research reveals the proximate, minerals and anti- nutritive components of the edible pulp of Nigeria cucurbita pepo L. On dry weight basis, the pulp has the following proximate composition: moisture content (2.00%); ash content (12.5%) crude lipid (13.16%); crude fibre (2.5%); crude protein (16.7%); available carbohydrate (55.15%); and calorific value (564Kcal/100g). The elemental analysis shows that potassium is the most abundant element (282.15/100g) sodium (154.10mg/100g) calcium (28.34mg/100); magnesium (120.24mg/100g) phosphorus (4.3568mg/100g); iron (0.78mg/100g) cobalt (1.99mg/100g);zinc (5.25mg/100g), while manganese is the least (0.13mg/100g). The anti-nutritional parameter analyzed include phytate (126.7.3±2.406mg/100g); Oxalate (0.0126±0.017mg/100g) hydrocyanic content (0.132±9.06×10-3mg/10g) and nitrate (0.0105±5.730µg). The results indicated that pumpkin (cucurbita pepo L) pulp is an important source of protein, carbohydrate and essential minerals with low concentration of anti- nutritional factors which if properly utilized would assist curtailing the problem of malnutrition in the society.