Sustainable agriculture products Jatropha plant oil an alternative biodiesel fuels
Dr. Arvind Kumar
As we are familiar with the increasing demand of energy fuel for commercial and domestic purposes’, a great challenge has been faced by all countries on earth. Since the sources for fossil fuels like petroleum are limited and increasing refining Expenditures has raised the fuel cost. According to oils market price is highly increasing compared with the last decade, one of the major influences is the highly demand in energy consumption from all over the economic countries, India has imported huge amount of oil each, mainly for industries and transportation sectors. This causes the selling price of diesel has been increasing vertically. This problem effected directly and suddenly to all sectors who depend on the fuel. In order to remove this crisis, the government tried to promote the development of bio diesel which has the same function as diesel but cheaper. Western countries form many kind of bio diesel from Soya bean oil, Sun flower oil, and other edible oil. But India unable to use the edible oil for making bio diesel for this purpose.
Our paper presents Jatropha oil as biodiesel fuel. Jatropha curcas Linn. Is a native tropical plant of Asia it is often found near rice field. It is expected as high potential of oil plant in India. Several workers are known to obtain biodiesel by using NaOH or KOH as a catalyst with methanol but less attention or no attention has been paid for the manufacturing of bio diesel from Jatropha oil using methanol and solid catalyst. The main advantages of solid catalyst are the recovery of catalyst, improving the characteristic of biodiesel. Decreasing the capital cost of biodiesel formation, increasing the rate of formation etc.