Studies on focused–ion beam milling technique and its applications
Ajay Kumar Thakur
This paper presents a focused-ion-beam milling of a single-crystal Au surface to fabricate a 590-nm-long linear ridge that acts as a surface plasmon nanoresonator. Cathodoluminescence imaging spectroscopy has been used to excite and image surface plasmons on the ridge. Principal component analysis reveals distinct plasmonic modes, which proves confinement of surface plasmon oscillations to the ridge. Boundary-element-method calculations confirm that a linear ridge is able to support highly localized surface plasmon modes. The results demonstrate that focused-ion-beam milling can be used in rapid prototyping of nanoscale single-crystal plasmonic components.