Knowledge & practice on oral hygiene among school going children a review based on available literature
Chanu Gautam, BS Ilayaraja
Background: Good health is a worldwide need for all the cultural groups. General health cannot be gain or maintained without oral health. The mouth is viewed as the reflection of the body. Good oral hygiene is sustained by developing habitude of cleaning the oral cavity which includes teeth and tongue and to prevent dental problems as well as dental diseases. Schools can provide a supportive environment for promoting oral health. School policies and education on health-related matters are imperative for the attainment of good oral health and control of related risk behaviors. Objectives: To find out the knowledge and practice level of school going children on oral hygiene. Methods: An database search of articles published in various journals has been done. The database search concluded by Pub-Med, EBSCO and article containing following key search terms were retrieved. Results: The accessible literature refines to get 8 quantitative studies. In this narrative review, 1 study states that participants have adequate knowledge and practice. 3 studies are showing that participants have adequate level of knowledge but low level of practice and 4 studies are showing that there is poor knowledge and practice. Conclusion: School is a place of learning for the children. Schools are the ideal setting for integrating oral health instruction in their curriculum. Health education to school children in their developing age is the most competent method for protection and advancement of their health. School protocols and information on health phenomena are essential for achievement of positive oral hygiene and government of associated hazardous nature. Children in schools and family need to be considered as partners in spreading health messages which are beneficial for them. There is a great need to focus attention on the Child as well as parents knowledge and practice regarding oral hygiene as parents are the main source for the development of the child.
Chanu Gautam, BS Ilayaraja. Knowledge & practice on oral hygiene among school going children a review based on available literature. International Journal of Advanced Science and Research, Volume 4, Issue 4, 2019, Pages 67-69