Malaria prevention: Knowledge and practices of heads of households in the Kenya health zone in Lubumbashi in the Democratic Republic of Congo
André Kaseba, Aurore Mukubu, Muse Eulethère, Ghislain Kikunda, Augustin Mutombo, Eric Mukomena
Introduction: WHO highlights major gaps in prevention coverage, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa. I'The objective of our study was to study the knowledge and practices of heads of households in terms of malaria prevention in the Kenya health zone. Methods: Our study was carried out in households by a team of 2 people, from October 25 to October 30, 2021 using an interview guide given to heads of households in the Kenya health area. This is a qualitative descriptive cross-sectional study. Results: Our investigation reveals that6 (75%) of the households surveyed were headed by men,the population aged 20 to 24 was the largest age group with 50%,5(62.5%) heads of the households surveyed were married and 2 households (25%) have heads who do not carry out any income-generating activity. The analysis of the speech of the participants in this research shows that the notions on malaria are relatively well known among these actors who often cite the seasonality, the clinical signs as testified by these remarks: "Yes, it is a disease of birds that we call MUSANVU, Often it is during rain that it happens because of mosquitoes; I know there are: Fever, Headaches, Chills. The discourse of the heads of households indicates that the use of LLINs helps to provide good protection in the fight against malaria, as evidenced by this statement: “The mosquito net; the Muskito, Insecticides; I often use insecticides, mosquito nets and muskitos,'. Many of the participants do not recognize the causes by confusing them with how you get malaria, which is the bites; Stagnant water that provokes mosquitoes and when they bite us we get sick”.Conclusion: The Kenya Health Zone population has an acceptable level of malaria knowledge and control practices. Public awareness programs should improve this situation for the well-being of the population.
André Kaseba, Aurore Mukubu, Muse Eulethère, Ghislain Kikunda, Augustin Mutombo, Eric Mukomena. Malaria prevention: Knowledge and practices of heads of households in the Kenya health zone in Lubumbashi in the Democratic Republic of Congo. International Journal of Advanced Science and Research, Volume 7, Issue 1, 2022, Pages 8-14