COVID-19 outbreaks: Responding, risk conception, communication and management
Azhar M Haleem
The number of global infected with COVID-19 reached to 41.104.946, within 210 countries around the world, more than 1.132.325 deaths with death rate is up to 36.3% till 22nd October-2020, according to data released by Johns Hopkins University, which collects statistics on victims. The COVID-19 was not the first pandemic to hit the world, but it was exposed during the past twenty years to four waves of epidemics, Although the epidemic was announced early on the 29th of December of 2019 in Wuhan, China, in Hubei district, the disease overspread 77and the world did not learn from its previous experiences in managing the risks of infectious diseases, and its economic results were much greater than its health effects. The current study search at the function of risk, and particularly the conception of risk, its management and communication, shared in making the economic effects of COVID-19. It considers the public and public health response to COVID-19, the performance of the media and all civil societies, and recommends programs and research issues for creating a system to the more real deal with the next outbreaks. It is agreed that the potential for the fast spread of infectious disease is not significantly a greater threat than it has always been, but the impact that an outbreak can have on the economics is, which needs additional research and strategy development.